Co-Chair and Chief Executive Officer, Nuclear Threat Initiative ( former U.S. Secretary of Energy) (USA)
Ernest Moniz was born in Fall River (Massachusetts) on 22 December 1944. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from Boston College in 1966 and a doctorate in theoretical physics from Stanford University in 1972.
He was Head of the MIT Department of Physics during 1991 –1995 and 1997 and Director of the Bates Linear Accelerator Center from 1983–1991. His physics research centered on developing the theoretical framework for understanding intermediate energy electron and meson interactions with atomic nuclei.
From 1997 to 2001, Ernest Moniz served in government as U.S. Department of Energy Under Secretary with science, energy, and nuclear security responsibilities and from 1995 to 1997 as Associate Director for Science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy with responsibility for the physical, life, and social sciences. He was a member of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology and of the Defense Threat Reduction Advisory Committee from 2009 to 2013. He also served on the Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future that provided advice to the President and the Secretary of Energy, particularly on nuclear waste management.
From 2013 to 2017, Ernest Moniz served as the thirteenth United States Secretary of Energy. As Secretary, he advanced energy technology innovation, nuclear security and strategic stability, cutting-edge capabilities for the American scientific research community, and environmental stewardship. His specific accomplishments included producing analytically-based energy policy proposals that attracted bipartisan support and implementing legislation, leading an international initiative that placed energy science and technology innovation at the center of the global response to climate change, and negotiating alongside the Secretary of State the historic Iran nuclear agreement.
Since 2017, Ernest Moniz has been Chief Executive Officer and Co-Chair of the Nuclear Threat Initiative. He is a non-resident Senior Fellow at the Harvard Belfer Center; Distinguished Fellow of the Emerson Collective; Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Physics and Engineering Systems emeritus and a Special Advisor to the MIT President.
Dr. Moniz has received ten honorary doctorates and numerous honors, including the inaugural award for Excellence in Public Policy and Public Affairs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and of the International Advisory Board of the Atlantic Council.